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Thursday, February 11, 2016

A Scientific Basis For Destruction Of Ocean Food Chain Via Radiation

I think this is really big folks.   If you like this stuff, sign up as a follower, drop a comment, and tweet this out and post it on Facebook---

A quick background for those who aren't following things. The oceans have become particularly DEADLY to plants and animals, fish, and mammals in the last 5 years.    Large scale die-offs are almost a daily occurence.   Even the top of the food chain, Whales, have been affected and are seeing NOAA certified "UMEs" Unusual Mortality Events, aka mass die offs.   Seals are starving and the rescue centers can't keep up.   

Fishing seasons have been halted because of very low populations.   Bird species have died by the hundreds of thousands, all found starving, nothing in their stomach.    Seriously.   Some people are calling it the "Death of the Pacific".   Google it, get this on your radar.


stock here 
I believe that I may have discovered the smoking gun describing how radiation can be killing off so many important parts of the food chain, and decay chain on land and in water.



Chitin is a polysaccharide biological structural polymer found in exoskeletons, like krill, insects, crabs, beaks of squid etc, and combined with calcium carbonate to form shells of crustaceans. It absorbs radioactive fallout.

Some additional links from a Fukushima Researcher, also deals with Bioaccumulation

http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/01/fukushima-pacific-ocean-radiation-and.html

http://www.agreenroadjournal.com/2014/01/fukushima-pacific-ocean-radiation-and.html





Chitin, is an extremely important building block of many types of organisms.
Radiation 
  1. blows up the skeletons of important sea life at the bottom of the food chains like krill, 
  2. destroys fungis, 
  3. damages mushrooms, 
  4. and it destroys the structural veins of insects wings.    
 
See all the little snippets on Chitan from the "Dictionary_Of_Science.pdf" 



"As destruction travels up the food chain, we are currently at the Murres."

Murres are birds that feed on small fishes, this article explains a bit.   But beware, they are blaming it on "global warming" and El Nino, which doesn't make any sense in my book.    A 1 or 2 degree change in temperature is not going to wipe out a food chain.   Seeing that this article also takes it to the next level of absurdity, calling it a human warmed ocean.

http://robertscribbler.com/2016/01/15/did-the-human-warmed-ocean-ocean-just-kill-8000-mures/


In 2011, after Fukushima, ALL the flies went away....for a full year.   When the flies came back, I also starting feeling more healthy again.     How can this be?   Flies with broken wings would not do well...how could all the wings get broke?   Simple, they are made of Chitin.   from http://animals.mom.me/flies-transparent-wings-10244.html


SUMMARY
What plants and animals are hardest hit?  Simple---the ones that rely heavily on the chitin organic molecule.

  1. Whales they eat krill
  2. Murres, they eat fish that eat krill
  3. Reindeer and caribou die offs, they eat lichens/fungi
  4. Insects are dying their wings are made of Chitin
  5. In particular Bees are seeing a mass die-off, they use chitin in not just their exoskeleton, but also their eyes, stingers, and more.  Damaged chitin lets parasites and viruses get in.
  6. Butterflies use chitin in their wings, not just for structure for also creates optical colors
  7. Birds that eat insects are dying
  8. Krill have an exoskeleton made of Chitin
  9. Fungi have biological structures made of Chitin
  10. Sea Stars eat critters that have lots of Chitin, they can digest it and then absorb the bioaccumulated radiation.

Chitin absorbs radiation and Chitin has its chemical structure destroyed by radiation.

After Three Mile Island and after Fukushima in Hawaii...all the flies went away for a year.    Fly wings are made of Chitin.

No Chitin Sherlock, the smoking gun uncovered.
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Radiation destruction of chitin
 

[en]
 The change in functional composition and molecular mass of crab, shrimp, and Antarctic shrimp (krill) chitin under the effect of ionizing radiation has been studied. 

By electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy it was established that primary radicals appear in positions 1 and 4 of the pyranose ring with subsequent breakdown of the glycoside bond analogous to cellulose and chitosan decay when γ-irradiated.  {RADIATION}

A scheme of radiochemical transformations of chitin is suggested

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stock here--supporters of the Nuclear Industry will often throw out their deception that "but the level of contamination in the ocean is so small compared to natural radiation".   They completely ignore known science using the "Concentration Factor".    Some life forms will bio-accumulate, or bio-magnify if you will, up to 2 Million times what is in the water around them.   See this table.    Note that they are not usually testing for Cesium and Strontium in these tests, but those could also be a darling of the heavy metal uptake and deserves a deeper look.

http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5671763

Par for the course, seems like the "scientists" are always concerned with exploiting a natural process and never use their intuition to also assess....what potential ramifications does my research have for protecting the eco-system.
Apart from clogging, shading, corrosive, and degrading effects, the major interest of many researchers was the fouling-mediating role of biofilms
from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3425911/

So they neglect to think....perhaps these biofilms that are on almost every marine plant or animal could be concentrating metals into the "host" plant or animal.   They know it happens, but only parse the question in terms of how it could affect "fouling".
the passage of chemicals and radiation across these membranes is modulated by microfouling quite analogously to what is happening at the living surfaces of marine organisms covered by epibiotic biofilms. However, this insulating or filtering function of biofilms is much less studied in epibiotic associations because typically these biofilms cannot be maintained structurally and functionally intact in the absence of the host.

Code says
stock, in my mind, a distinction should be made in the bioabsorption, and concentration of radionuclides and the destruction of the chitin by the same.

For example, mutation could come from the concentration or precipitation (think ion exchange resin) of chitin and its effect on DNA, as opposed to sheer structural degradation. Also there is an important time factor. So as an insect is growing or hatching, the timed polymerization of chitin must be VERY critical. Rather than structural degradation, a speeding up or retardation of polymerization during that crucial stage could result in poor wing shape etc.

stock here

So interestingly enough….Chitin is researched as an effective "sponge" to soak up Uranium, Plutonium, Americium, Curium, strontium, Cesium.

Hmmmmmmm

https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwithqDyxPDKAhXJ4D4KHROGBOYQFggdMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tandfonline.com%2Fdoi%2Fpdf%2F10.1080%2F00223131.2002.10875518&usg=AFQjCNF-n6vwofG8MZnojs0XbY1Y-8zhZw&sig2=oJKe5oPJNsbewnGD9_kFdA

A background on Chitin, they are thinking for commercial development
http://slideplayer.com/slide/4415459/#

And here is another lengthy scientific article on Chitin as a cleanup material for nuclear waste.

http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/te_1336_web.pdf#page=192

Another large die off has been Sea Stars, sometime known as Starfish.    This has been a collapse based on an infection of sorts, a wasting disease.  But Sea Stars have little use for chitin, with one huge important exception....they eat hard shelled animals and Sea Stars can DIGEST Chitin, thus releasing the absorbed radiation of chitin into themselves.    Sea Stars use chitin and turn into proteins for their bodies.

Some herbivores, such as goats and some ruminants can digest cellulose, breaking them down long chains of polysaccharides. Similarly, echinoderms can eat shellfish, sea urchins and mussels and digest chitin, breaking mechanically only ones with hard shells.

Radiation is well know to reduce resistance to disease.    Curiously enough in the graphic from a 1971 Woods Hole report they indicate how Plutonium (a major and deadly release from Fukushima) found that although Mussels do bioaccumulate radiation, the Sea Stars that feed on the Mussels had an additional 4 times Concentration Factor beyond what the Mussels had.

The Mussels had a mean Concentration Factor of 260 for Plutonium.   The Seastars, 4 times that.

Source:  https://miningawareness.wordpress.com/2015/11/08/radionuclides-in-sediment-vs-seawater-and-in-plankton-marine-invertebrates-e-g-sea-stars/


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More information and link resources, just slamming them in here now, for Intuitive Exploitation later

CodeShutdown
Chitin absorbs and concentrates radionuclides. This is part of the familiar bioconcentration/bioaccumulation story. The concentration factor for heavy metals can be hundreds, thousands or even millions of times. The reason I started thinking about chitin is because I was looking for a natural organic ion exchange resin. They use ion exchange resin to concentrate and isolate cesium from ocean water for measurement. Chitin is well known for its heavy metal absorption and chelation. More is unknown than known about chitin and how it is controlled in biology.
"Despite decades of intensive research, many events associated with the complexity of chitin formation and deposition are still obscure, or only partially understood. The list includes the hormonal control of CS at the transcriptional and translational levels as well as the post-translational CS packaging; trafficking and guidance of CS clusters to proper sites in the cells and their intricate insertion into the plasma membranes; activation of the catalytic step and its control or modulation; and translocation of chitin chains across cell membranes, their orientation, fibrillogenesis and association with other extracellular structural components such as polysaccharides (fungi) and cuticular proteins (insects)"

  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    man made radiation concentrating all over the place!…
    Once concentrated in body structure, the radiation and heavy metals could interfere with the exquisite hormonal and genetic control of chitins temporal and spacial placement
    'Chitin is considered to be one of the most abundant macromolecules in the biosphere. The chitin microfibrils serve as structural scaffolds in cell walls, cuticles, shells, and intestinal peritrophic matrices. The capacity for chitin production is found in a vast variety of taxonomic groups including algae, fungi, protists, sponges, rotifers, nematodes, arthropods, cuttlefish, brachiopods, and mollusks. Chitin is particularly present in marine ecosystems because oceanic crustaceans produce most of its biomass (mainly pelagic zooplankton such as krill
  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    Fisher et al found very high concentration factors for radionuclides Pu, Am and Np of greater than 100,000 with living cells of diatoms. Chlorella concentrates Cd two million times
    http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5671763
  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    tsezos and volesky showed hat ion exchange capacity of microbial cell wall can be greater than that of commercial ion exchange resins and activated carbon by three times. The test elements were uranium and throium
    Living cells can accumulate metals from much lower concentrations…ppb or lower…than inert biomass absorbers with higher concentration factors and greater specificities for a particular toxic metal
    microalgae sequester heavy metals by adsorption and absorption mechanisms as well as formation of phytochelatins which they synthesize in response to heavy metal stress. (oh no, hormesis!) Gekeler et al
    phytochelatins are peptides produced only by algae and higher plants. They are analogous to the metallothionein proteins produced by fungi and animals in response to heavy metal stress
  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    biofilms on every animal in the ocean. Biofilms are capable of binding significant quantities of metals under natural conditions, and serve as matrices for precipitation of insoluble mineral phases.
    See it? Many different modes of bioabsorption and concentration of man made radiation. Radioactive biofilm on chitin shells
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3425911/
  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    chitin, nothing random about it!
    Chitin biosynthesis is a strongly regulated process, both spatially and temporally. It acts like an ion exchange resin and also absorbs by pores and other mechanisms. If the timing and placement isnt perfect, the animal will be deformed.
    The ion exchange process is very effective at transferring the radioactive content of a large volume of liquid into a small volume of solid.
    Nuclear reactors have been using resins for years. Boiling water reactors generate 20 cubic yards of organic ion exchange resin radioactive waste a year. They dont know what to do with this waste exactly. Told them so, but did they listen?
    http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/TRS408_scr.pdf
  • CodeShutdown CodeShutdown
    all biological material has an affinity for metals,
    'Chitin is a very important structural component of
    fungal cell walls and is an effective biosorbent for metals and
    radionuclides, as are chitosan and other chitin derivatives' Heavy metals are usually powerful poisons to the nervous system.
    Natural inorganic ion exchangers;
    A large number of organic materials exhibit ion exchange properties; these include polysaccharides (such as cellulose, algic acid, straw and peat), proteins (such as casein, keratin and collagen) and carbonaceous materials
    Removal of Heavy Metal from Contaminated Water by Biopolymer Crab Shell Chitosan
    http://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=jas.2009.2762.2769

     HillbillyHoundDog
    http://europepmc.org/articles/PMC4131215
    Sci Rep. 2014; 4: 6053.
    Published online 2014 August 13. doi: 10.1038/srep06053
    PMCID: PMC4131215
    A Magnetic Carbon Sorbent for Radioactive Material from the Fukushima Nuclear Accident
    Daizo Yamaguchi,a,1 Kazumi Furukawa,2 Masaya Takasuga,2 and Koki Watanabe1
    …Here we present the first report of a carbon-γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticle composite of mesoporous carbon, bearing COOH- and phenolic OH- functional groups on its surface, a remarkable and magnetically separable adsorbent, for the radioactive material emitted by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Contaminated water and soil at a level of 1,739 Bq kg−1 (134Cs and 137Cs at 509 Bq kg−1 and 1,230 Bq kg−1, respectively) and 114,000 Bq kg−1 (134Cs and 137Cs at 38,700 Bq kg−1 and 75,300 Bq kg−1, respectively) were decontaminated by 99% and 90% respectively with just one treatment carried out in Nihonmatsu city in Fukushima. Since this material is remarkably high performance, magnetically separable, and a readily applicable technology, it would reduce the environmental impact of the Fukushima accident if it were used.

    Ocean acidification -- University of Bristol

    http://palaeo.gly.bris.ac.uk/ocean/Biology.html

    HillbillyHoundDog
    Pages highlighted in the 600 page book I posted yesterday claim studies show tuffs?(volcanic rock) have a high absorbtion rate for radionuclides. I also recall coral having a high affinity for heavy metal contamination and death. Does this make Hawaii a sea sponge for radioactive particles? Will she be sacrificing her corals, or what is left of them?

    So interestingly enough….Chitin is researched as an effective "sponge" to soak up Uranium, Plutonium, Americium, Curium, strontium, Cesium.
    Hmmmmmmm
    https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwithqDyxPDKAhXJ4D4KHROGBOYQFggdMAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.tandfonline.com%2Fdoi%2Fpdf%2F10.1080%2F00223131.2002.10875518&usg=AFQjCNF-n6vwofG8MZnojs0XbY1Y-8zhZw&sig2=oJKe5oPJNsbewnGD9_kFdA
    oldster
    Notable Fukushima/Chernobyl research scientist Timothy Mousseau has made recent note of the lack of funding/support for necessary/illuminating science on this issue, and deems it a form of censorship.
    However, nothing ventured nothing gained is applicable here. I'll contact some people who might help, maybe some others here can do so too, and maybe who knows , a seed will have been planted: from one little acorn came many oaks … and a great many blessings.

    Funny how "Science" it focused on exploiting Chitin, rather than protecting Chitin.
    http://www.els.net/WileyCDA/ElsArticle/refId-a0000694.html 

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    To those who understand this quick Haiku
    You are a chosen few
    Spread the word
    We have a new bird
    To enlighten the jousting crew
    —————————————–
    Poor Chitin Bats Last
    Kenny Tests The Water, Clean
    We Are At The Mures
     -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    new material added 2-15-16
    Bottom line, if the Chitin as exoskeleton doesn't form right during creation then the insect (or other critter) will be more susceptible to parasitic attack.   Much of bee die off is because of parasitic attack.---


    With their chitinous shells, insects seem almost invulnerable -- but like Achilles' heel in Greek mythology, their impressive armor can still be attacked. Researchers at the universities of Bonn and Leipzig studied fruit flies (Drosophila) and discovered the molecular processes that are able to break through this protective casing. The enzyme chitinase 2 and growth factor idgf6 are especially important in correctly forming the insects' shells. These findings are relevant for fighting parasites, and will be published in the professional journal Scientific Reports.

    http://www.nature.com/articles/srep18340 
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rattleshark put this link up at nukepro. Shows how bioaccumulation of plutonium works in shell creatures in ocean. Not as bad as Chitin based animals like krill that can multiply as much as 2 MILLION times! But some of these show Pu multiplication into their shells and muscles (pun intended) of almost 2000 times what is in the water, in just 90 days….I wonder about 5 years…. http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/22/m022p059.pdf#sthash.MvbdQffD.dpuf

----------------------------------------------------------
 Submitted by
Ontological
Ontological
Another authoritative source discussing chitin

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2885081/

49 comments:

  1. Replies
    1. Yep, to the wall. I'd like to slap lying Kenny Buessler upside the head with a Chitin damaged Cuttlefish

      Delete
  2. The most disastrous industrial accident was Bhopal where 20,000 died overnight. How do you figure Fukushima with zero deaths even comes close?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I figure out the key to saving the ecosystem of the earth, and all you got is that drivel? Shame on you.

      Delete
    2. You haven't figured out squat. People dying over chemistry isn't drivel. Shame on you. I bet I can find Dow products in your house.

      Delete
    3. All you have is deflection, now trying to deflect even more towards Dow. We use mainly natural products like bleach, vinegar, peroxide, alcohol, even home made vinegar.

      Delete
    4. a troll is a troll is a troll ....
      Since Dana's arrest PR firms are flush with cash to hire scum dogs. I put a link to this particular article on the hounds forum (recently infested with a new batch of trolls) and ... Voila!
      Suggest some air freshener with garlic strung across windows at night!

      Delete
    5. hmmm ... loosey has very similar syntax to SadieDawg...

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    6. PukeNuke--"People dying over chemistry isn't drivel. Shame on you. I bet I can find Dow products in your house" Well puss for brains Did Dow all of a sudden multiply their sales 1000 fold to account for all the death since 3 fricking reactors blew spue into the ocean we are discussing?? Did a tanker of Dow Tox-o-Max sink there? No. Think a bit. you look so foolish... Good help is sure hard to find i guess.

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    7. I guess this could be true, if there were any evidence that sealife was actually dying of radiation...

      Delete
  3. I agree with your summary and do you one better or worse as it is: Plutonium is a calcium mimicker. Studies in the Marshall Islands (post nuke weapons testing) confirmed the little buggers readily absorb plutonium as calcium and dissolve. Reactor number 3 was a MOX (Mix Oxide Fuel or 7% finely powdered plutonium with regular fuel in the zirconium cases) so when it blew; all that dust was blasted out like a 'pipe organ' and into the environment. I'm in Morro Bay, California currently verifying there are no Sea Stars (starfish) here anymore. Yes, NukePro, you have your smoking gun; now if the world will listen. The bad news is we have 24,000 years plus of this coming. Not much will survive when the Pacific goes tango uniform though; in the sea or on the land. No phytoplankton; no oxygen....aka "Planet Killer".

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ya, the next question the citizen scientists need to ask...do dead krill sink to the bottom or float around. The answer is very important.

      Delete
    2. And now Nuda Waya, after almost 5 years of jousting the nukists....how do we get the world to listen, to shut down nukes, phase them out logically.

      Watcha got Waya

      Delete
    3. When you collect that Nobel Prize then you might be taken seriously. Until then you have nothing.

      Delete
    4. This comment has been removed by the author.

      Delete
    5. Stock I have been 'lurking' on ENENEWS and reading your insights for several years; its an honor. As for what I got? Well I'm doing a "Dana" on the central coast of California right now. I can confirm that the starfish are gone. I cannot find a one where there should be thousands. So I am showing the world. Best I have for now but if I get something better; I will publish it. https://jsiebert400.wordpress.com/

      Delete
    6. Nuda Waya, feel free to replicate my post in full at your website, just link back to the source for attribution.

      It would be good to have as a backup in case Nukepro gets taken down by the minions that be.

      Delete
    7. YOU ARE SO RIGHT NO OCEAN LIFE NO HUMAN LIFE MUCH LESS ANIMAL, THE OCEANS ARE WHAT MAKES MORE OF OUR OXYGEN THAN LAND VEGETATION SO SINCE THE TREES ARE DYING AND NOW THE OCEAN WE ARE HISTORY.THIS IS A DEAD PLANET WALKING SO TO SPEAK. GEORGIA GUIDE STONES COMING TO PASS.THE ELITE WILL WIN AND LIVE IN THEIR UNDERGROUND RAT HOLES WHILE UP TOP EVERYTHING DIES AND NEVER RETURNS SO THEY WILL REPLACE ALL WITH THEIR FAKE STUFF, GLAD I WILL BE DEAD FOR THAT ONE.

      Delete
  4. Spot on, with excellent research! Cooked goose, anyone?
    Nuclear is the technology that never should have been.
    Yes, shut them all down!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. yep, sure nice to find the smoking gun, now how to convince humanity that we need to stop making radiation. Spread the word, please post this article at 5 online newspapers.

      Delete
    2. Stock, looks like you're hot on the trail of the ocean die off. I'll send it to a few places.
      Plowboy

      Delete
    3. TY Plowboy, finally we have the main mechanism, now what to do with it.

      Delete
  5. so as a summary, The pacific is dead, the flies are gone, the main reason being that the Chitin cannot form correctly? This Chitin also accumulates radiation 10^5 x also? Does that mean your basic crab now has a radioactive shell?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Flies bounced back about 1 year after 311, when much of the radiation had settled out of the air.

      Yes, it would make sense to test some crab and other shells, and do some electron microscopy.

      Delete
    2. I think that one of Woods Hole"s studies in the Atlantic showed that Plutonium accumulated in the shell's of filter feeders.

      Delete
    3. no paywall -- Sea water uptake, sediment transfer and histoautoradiographic
      study of plutonium (239P~) and
      americium (241Am) in the edible cockle
      Cerastoderma edule - http://www.int-res.com/articles/meps/22/m022p059.pdf

      Delete
    4. TY Rattleshark, added into article

      Delete
    5. There is no ocean die off from Fukushima proven. Just your hypothesis. So where is your v&v? A poor scientist, even a,citizen scientist validates. You skipped a few critical steps to jump to your conclusion. Namely now you have to validate. That was Gofman and Stern glasses Achilles heel. I can see its yours too.

      Delete
    6. Loose Kuke, I used something that current scientists have seem to have lost. Intuition and observation, having a broad range of knowledge across many disciplines.

      Indeed I am lining up university resources to further this line of thought. I after all, have a real life to live and I need to do some cross country skiing and mush my german shepherds.

      Duly noted that you have done nothing to counter any arguments, simply to cry like a little baby "you haven't proved it beyond a shadow of a doubt yet."

      Delete
    7. Well Loose diaper... Seeing as there is Thousands of dead animals from the pacific washing onto any beach around it AND that there is not any whale sign where there is always whale sign AND the fact that every tide pool is looking like a toilet bowl filled with Drano Uhhhh i can see how one might think that the pacific has indeed flipped over dead... I want to see even a small amount of proof i am not right.

      Delete
  6. so, loosey, does trolling pay well?
    Do you fill out a time card or get paid by the word?
    Does anyone except a troll diddle around all day with blogs they detest and jibber away in comments endlessly?
    Once your cover is blown do you still get paid?

    ReplyDelete
  7. Most excellent Stock.

    Other than Cs, St and the rest, an overlooked element that is created by fission is I-129 and it's short lived daughters. From the link below:

    "Iodine-129, although a result of nuclear fission in reactors, also occurs to a small extent in the upper atmosphere due to the interaction of high-energy particles with naturally-occurring xenon. Iodine-129 has a long half-life of ~15.7 million years, which makes this of significant concern when processing nuclear waste or when nuclear accidents occur."

    "31.6 times as much iodine-129 than iodine-131 was
    released in the early days of the Fukushima catastrophe."

    http://drsircus.com/medicine/fukushima-radioactive-iodine-emergency/

    I-129 has a relationship to chlorine CL-35
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isotopes_of_iodine

    "In some ways, 129I is similar to 36Cl. It is a soluble halogen, fairly non-reactive, exists mainly as a non-sorbing anion, and is produced by cosmogenic, thermonuclear, and in-situ reactions."

    "Additionally, large amounts of 36Cl were produced by irradiation of seawater during atmospheric detonations of nuclear weapons between 1952 and 1958."

    If large amounts of 36Cl were produced from nuclear testing, what about I-129?
    Fukushima has lost about 300 tons of U-235 and PU and is in a fusion state all the time. The only moderator is the water they are putting into it and the ground water that flows through it.

    While in the rabbit hole I found this.
    What is Seawater?

    "Most of seawater's constituents are inorganic ions. Figures 3 and 4 (below) show the primary ions present by weight and number. Sodium and chloride (the two ions in table salt) are the two primary ions in seawater."

    http://www.reefkeeping.com/issues/2005-11/rhf/index.php

    When I started reading about ions, my brain went out.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. TY ya the long term effect of I129 needs more attention!

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    2. No worries , with a 15.7 million year half life , we have plenty of time to study the long term effects.

      Delete
    3. Ya RS, good thing they don't make bananas out of that!

      Delete
  8. i suppose you all think we are on a spinning ball at a 1000miles per hour,spinning ball heads lmfao

    ReplyDelete
  9. This an impressive information. Thanks for sharing.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. TY Sherri, please spread the word.

      Delete
  10. this is probably why peoples fingernails and teeth fall out with radioactive poisoning.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. I thought the same thing.

      & Stock; good job!

      Delete
    2. Yep, another link in this cruelest of realities. As the nuclear scientists daily lie to us about "bananas" shame, shame, on them.

      Delete
    3. Whats going on with the bananas, I just ate one./ Nice work I might add, thank you for this information! Sharing! ;)

      Delete
  11. Good sleuthing, Stock, Code and company. Thanks so much for sharing and increasing our understanding.

    Sending mahalos and aloha from South Kona.


    -Sunpower

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Aloha to south Kona et al! One of my favorite places, and it has been so long since I have been there.

      Seems like we all need a City of Refuge now

      Delete
  12. So, to prove your reasoning, we would have catch a few kilograms of chitinous creatures, dry them up, ground to powder and measure for radiation? Correct?

    ReplyDelete
  13. Mussels are tough little buggers.
    Here is some good news from the Baltic Sea, which has approx. 90% biomass of blue mussels.
    Mussels reduced Cs-137 from 294 Bqm in 1986 to 30 Bqm in 2012.
    They chew through those radioactive heavy metals and also adsorb onto the shells.
    http://agreenroad.blogspot.com.au/2014/01/fukushima-pacific-ocean-radiation-and.html?view=mosaic
    This can be any bivalve shell dead or alive.
    So it might be worthwhile for TEPCO and Japanese local govt to invest in some mussel and oyster shell redistribution.
    Put crushed mussel shell in the water purification plant filters, drinking water filters, stormwater drains,. Far more effective than activated carbon.
    The removal of 28.48 mg/L Cu(II) by blue mussel shells was 100%. Powdered
    blue mussel shell proved to be by far the superior adsorbent.
    The results showed that the powdered blue mussel shell may be utilized as an efficient and low-cost
    adsorbent for the removal of Cu(II) ions from industrial effluents.
    COPPER ADSORPTION IN WASTE WATERS BY NOVEL ADSORBENTS
    POWDERED COMMON BLUE MUSSEL SHELL AND DRIED FUNGUS IN
    COMPARISON TO ACTIVATED CARBON
    ÖZCAN S.1, GÜL DUDU Ü.2 and SILAH H.3
    Zebra mussels survived Chernobyl in the cooling ponds, and local rivers. They are a biofouling problem in US Nuclear reactors. Mussels seal leaky pipes.
    Putting mussel sprat and suitable nutrient algae foodstock in solution through Fukushima leaking structures may seal some of the leaks..
    Might as well give it a go, the robots fried.
    Mussels maximise shell growth as sprat rather than organ growth, so high volume tiny sprat can be introduced into a radioactive environment, and may not survive for long, if at all, but will adsorb heavy metals on their way through the structure or sinking to the bottom of the bay. Its not as if there are any starfish there to eat them...
    Thanks for explains why our local starfish turn to mush from the inside on the beach....
    Very sad.
    Mussel beds and Oyster castles in the estuaries for everyone! Have to take the heat out of the hydrology cycle at the point of maximum concentration.
    Highly recommend visiting or southern Australia and NZ where the rain comes off the Southern Ocean upwelling of currents from Antarctica. The more the iceshelf melts the cleaner our rain is...



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    1. Helen, I sent you email. I would like to publish your Google doc as an article, advise

      https://docs.google.com/file/d/0B3K6zZmNdMUcWWFxSUJObVNrNlU/edit

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