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Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Total Radiation Inventory at Fukushima

A pro-radiation shrill (Aptly name Cyril) has been attacking Nukepro throughout the blogophere.   She states in her comment below----
Less than 0.01 kg of Sr-90 was released. This will convert to less than 0.01 kg of Y-90 which will convert to the same amount of stable zirconium, which is non toxic.
 So I had to do some calcs to convert Bq to grams, she says 10 grams (.01 kG) of Strontium was released.    Hmmm that seems a bit low to me.   Oh I see....about half of the inventory of Fukushima was exploded and aerosolized into the atmosphere, over 3000 lbs of Strontium, but the shrill shill states that less than half an ounce of Strontium got out, ever.

Right, and they detected Strontium in Hawaii milk (they do have cows in Hawaii) before the DOH was told to implement the BP playbook to "protect" our Japanese friends and the nuke cartel. 

http://www.dailykos.com/story/2011/04/27/970610/-Radioactive-Strontium-Found-in-Hilo-Hawaii-Milk-Forbes-today#

Hilarious, they reported the Strontium 89!   As a way to say....hey it only has a half life of 55 days, no problem, in 2 years it will be all gone.     Funny how the radiation cartel just refuses to even talk about strontium 90, half life around 30 years.       

And they found 145Bq/kG south of Tokyo, story here
http://ex-skf.blogspot.com/2011/10/strontium-90-discovered-in-yokohama.html




At the bottom of this post is a discussion of radiation releases from various sources over the course of the "nuclear age", from ENENEWS.

A while back I spent about half a day to gather information and do some calculations.    Surprisingly, the NRC provided the data I needed directly to me.    That was sure useful of them.   

Here are the net results.      Truly an astounding amount of radiations at Fukushima.   Well, was at Fukushima, they "gifted" much of it to the world.  








Bq        Bq/M3
7.15E+18    Sr 90     10.83
7.15E+18    Y 90     10.83
2.38E+18    Zr 95     3.61
5.34E+18    Nb 95     8.09
1.87E+19    Ru 106     28.36
1.87E+19    Rh106     28.36
9.23E+18    Cs134     13.99
9.60E+18    Cs137     14.55
9.08E+18    Ba 137m     13.76
3.51E+19    Ce144     53.20
3.51E+19    Pr144     53.20
9.93E+18    Pm147     15.05
1.13E+19    Pu241     17.15
1.79E+20    Total of Major Isotopes    270.98













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Angela_R
Arizonan, you may wish to look at the following and check out the radioactive waste discharged into the ocean:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ocean
The following comes from the above wikipedia link:
The countries involved — listed in order of total contributions measured in TBq (TBq=1012 Becquerel) — were the USSR, the UK, Switzerland, the US, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, Japan, Sweden, Russia, New Zealand, Germany, Italy and South Korea. Together, they dumped a total of 85,100 TBq (85.1x1015Bq) of radioactive waste at over 100 ocean sites, as measured in initial radioactivity at the time of dump.
For comparison:
magnitude of radiation
Global fallout of nuclear weapon tests — 2,566,087x1015Bq.[4]
1986 Chernobyl disaster total release — 12,060x1015Bq.[5]
2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, estimated total aerial release — 11,346x1015Bq.[6]
Fukishima Daiichi nuclear plant cooling water dumped (leaked) to the sea — TEPCO estimate 4.7x1015Bq, Japanese Nuclear Safety Commission estimate 15x1015Bq,[7] French Nuclear Safety Committee estimate 27x1015Bq.[8]
Naturally occurring Potassium 40 in all oceans — 14,000,000x1015Bq.[9]
One container (net 400kg) of vitrified high-level radioactive waste has an average radioactivity of 4x1015Bq (Max 45x1015Bq).
However, I do wonder where the US was storing their waste; I would have thought they would have had a similar amount to Britain and possibly the Soviet Union.
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Additional info to add to the spreadsheet later



§                                           Xenon-133 and caesium-137 releases into the atmosphere from the
Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant
Regarding133Xe, we find a total release of 15.3 EBq, which is more than twice as
high as the total release from Chernobyl and likely the largest
radioactive noble gas release in history
resulting in 50,000 mbq/m^3 air, up from 0.1mbq/m^3 background, or 500,000 times
There is strong evidence that the
133Xe release started
before the first active venting was made, possibly indicating
structural damage to reactor components (and SFP4) and/or leaks due to
overpressure which would have allowed early release of no-
ble gases. For 137Cs, the inversion results give a total emis-
sion of 36.6 (20.1–53.1) PBq,


 

Sunday, August 10, 2014

Science and Governments have been purchased, Global Warming proven false

The latest Conca shill push is for "more radiation" and now its "listen to us because we call ourselves scientists". A few comments from a reader at Forbes are below. I think he nails the issues nicely. Go visit the article at Forbes too and leave a comment.

 Also to keep this "science" thing in context, bear in mind the number of scientists who continue to lie about "global warming". Nukepro settled that issue once and for all. There has been no warming for the last 17 years. Here is the proof using real data.

http://nukeprofessional.blogspot.com/2014/08/global-warming-real-information-from.html

Visit the Conca Shill here

http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2014/08/03/science-is-not-democratic/

Finally the reader comments, spot on, but I wonder if he is being sarc with "great faith in Obama".....
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  • Terry Trent 1 day ago
    Correcting earlier comment:
    You have got to be kidding me!? The single largest practitioners of junk science in the United States or you could just as easily call them liars and con men, are the members at the highest levels of our Public Health System. Mainly ATSDR and EPA. Although EPA has a few competent scientists who know that following the mandates of ATSDR is wrong, but will not speak up. Can not speak up under threat of firing.
    You don’t believe me? From past History look up Tuskegee Alabama syphilis epidemic for historical context. Look up Libby Montana for 50 years of abuse currently under way. Still not convinced? Have a health professional help you out with mesothelioma death rates in Jefferson Parrish Louisiana…10 times larger than Libby Montana from a similar environmental epidemic. No Public Health Emergency there even at 10 times the first and largest ever declared. OK so you are hugely skeptical? Contact Dr. Marc Shencker at UC Davis epidemiology and ask for death rates in Amador, Tulomne and El Dorado Counties California from environmental Tremolite. So what? Look up the dates of first publications of Libby Montana problems, and Metsovo Greece Metsovo Lung published in the US by Stavros Constantopoulis and Arthur M. Langer.
    Still don’t get it? Try this on for size. Real Estate is the most valuable asset to Unites States local government, the most valuable asset to business on par, throughout the US. The government would clear the path to moving housing tracks on top of active volcanoes if people could not see it for themselves. These agencies ATSDR, EPA, State EPA, local Health Departments,although some are making the common scientific mistake of following those they think are smarter than themselves, but most are not, “task themselves”, emphasis added, to fake testing, skew test results and otherwise obscure important information that individuals should have, all in the name of “not panicking the people”. All of these Public Health Agencies work directly or indirectly for the President of the United States.
    Although I have great faith in Obama..there is a huge gap that has existed long before he entered office, between the Presidency and his scientific minions. He or they as the case has been, are the very last to know what their scientists are doing.
    • Called-out comment
  • Hmmm. Well I thought my words were overly aggressive. Not seeing the defensiveness other than the whole position of standing in front of public health scientists, who succumb to a political “story” is of course defending. It is defending the integrity of science, the well being of humans, the entity of family and friends. Each of the scientists I refer to manipulate what is presented to the public, from the starting point of falsifying testing procedures to adjusting data to conform to that story. If proven wrong publicly,they become embarrassed for brief periods before realizing that there are so few people who understand or care, on any given subject, that they may easily revert to their original or nearly their original story, usually until they retire and are safely away from the controversy they may have left behind.
    Obama has no earthly idea at all. He has no adviser who would know ether. Neither did George Bush. Hillary knew very well what I was speaking of and acted upon what I gave her to the best of her ability. She took Cheney down on the subject for 7 years. He did not get what he wanted in year one, until the last year of Bush’s presidency. Then Bush from the presidential podium of State of teh Nation gave him precisely what he wanted…a way for companies across the nation to avoid the entire liability of what they had done…especially Haliburton…but certainly many others.
    These people/scientists I speak of act outside our government in a way. They do not report to anyone in the White House other than the office of Budget Management…..who controls the executive agencies by purse strings…not by policy. Well I should accurately say, not by overseen policy. They invent as they go along…in a way inventing good news by adjusting science, so they do not have to report bad news to their boss. Their boss being the President.
    On a very positive note….where you do find the scientists who do not succumb to politically motivated government dogma/stories,”the good guys” is in academia. Not everyone mind you, but a bunch. Those who have been in the trenches their entire careers, fighting, quietly, methodically, brilliantly against the corruption of our entire construct of science….partially to no avail. I refer you to Dr. Bruce Case who will no more like the way I presented the above than you do….but who will substantively not disagree much. (He will not be shy about letting me know). Who has maintained an aggressive but somewhat positive and brilliantly subtle approach throughout his long career. These “good guys”struggle directly with scientist who have “sold out”, but their real battle is with government…it is a struggle almost 99% of government has no idea is even going on.
    Finally, I will leave you with what amounts to more than an anecdote. Our EPA, meaning the full force of our Federal governments legal ability, took WR Grace to a Jury trial on criminal charges regarding what happened in Libby Montana. Long story of course, all of it relating to enormous incompetency within government scientists, but their was one newspaper man named David Latham, who summed up the acquittal of WR Grace beautifully at the end of the trial with one sentence. Not certain I am quoting it word for word but you will get the idea. “EPA can not convict someone who they have always been in partnership with”. Therein lies almost all of the problem as it pertains to scientists being politically controlled.

Thursday, August 7, 2014

CS134 /CS137 Ratio and Food Chain in Alaska - Dangerous Levels of Radioactivity

Lichens in Alaska were tested in June 2011 and had extremely high levels of both Cesium 134 and Cesium 137.    Around 6000 to 8000 pCi/ kg.


And the ratio of 134 to 137 was around .8.     What that means is that all of this cesium is directly attributed to Fukushima.

Here is the full report you can download, its big

Alaska 2011 Radiation in Food Sources Report 300 pages

Here is how it works.     CS137 has a half life of 30 years, CS134 has half life of 2 years.    So if the radiation was from 4 years ago, the CS would fall to around 25% of where it started.

It just so happens that the 137 and 134 quantities are about a 1 to 1 ratio at the beginning, with some variance based on the degree of fuel burnup.   Color chart below shows actual test results for Fuku.   The ratio was about .85.

The actual ratio measured in the lichens was right around .80 on average.   So all of this is due to Fukushima


Got it?    The lowest level of the food chain is highly contaminated.   That was 2011, they are not planning on testing again until 2016.   Does that make any sense?






Friday, August 1, 2014

Bringing it Home, Understanding Cesium Deposition at Fukushima and Stirred Up Dust

I like doing this type of calculations that "Bring it Home"

Some others at ENENEWS have gotten good at it. With all the big numbers, scientific notation, various ways of expressing radiation units that the pro-radiation stakeholders use to confuse people....well it's nice when something is presented in an easy to wrap your head around way.

OLDFOOL Since a trillionth of a gram of Cs-137 emits over 3.2 becquerel, a gram of Cs-137 would emit over 3.2 trillion becquerels. So if they are saying that all the dust they created released no more than 4 trillion becquerels, they are implying they only stirred up 1.25 grams of Cs-137 in the dust. I cannot imagine any construction project at that site only stirring up 1.25 grams of Cs-137 in the dust. Most construction projects stir up several kilograms of dust. It would not be pure Cs-137 of course. But it would be more than 1.25 grams. Somebody has made a mistake in their math.

 Securitize July 17, 2014 at 10:04 pm · Reply A Becquerel indicates, on average, an amount of radiation where one radioactive “decay” event occurs each second. 37 billion becequerels are in one curie, or 37 billion disintegrations per second.

Potassium 40 exists in bananas and other fruits and is very weakly radioactive, 71 ten-millionTHs of a curie pure gram. By contrast, cesium 137 has 88 curies per gram. Indeed Cs 137 and Sr 90 emit 10-20 million times more radioactivity than comparable amounts of potassium 40.

Cesium 137 is a significant portion of the long-lasting radioactive isotopes emitted during a nuclear meltdown or other accident. The amount of cesium 137 deposited per square kilometer can thus be used to determine whether that land is fit for human habitation. The lands around the Chernobyl and Fukushima reactors are considered completely uninhabitable for decades based on ~10 curies per square km, or if you like ~25 curies per square mile.

Thus, slightly more than 1/3 of ONE GRAM of cesium 137, deposited across a square mile of land as a smoke or gas, is enough to render that land uninhabitable for decades. Contamination of ~10 curies per square km, ~25 curies per square mile, or ~1/3 of a gram of Cs 137 per sq mi, renders the area unfit for raising crops or livestock. For comparison, dozens of nuclear power plants in the US hold fuel rods containing more than 100 million curies of Cs 137. Remember that just 100 curies can render 1 sq mi uninhabitable.

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